Garlic varieties are often named after their place of origin. Often their are different selections of a variety available according to grades or origin.

Like onions, there are early, mid season and late varieties available. You will need to consider this, along with the climate of the region you are growing in.

There are softneck and hardneck varieties. Softnecks are the most common garlics grown, generally don’t have a flowerhead and have a longer shelf life (up to 9 months). Hardnecks do have flowerheads like onions, and generally have less but bigger cloves. They will not have as good a shelf life as the softnecks and prefer cooler winters.

An artichoke type is called such because cloves overlap each other like an artichoke. There can be 3 or 4 layers.

There is also the extra large garlic called Elephant or Giant Russian garlic and has a milder flavour but is great for roasting.

Popular garlic varieties include:

Glenlarge – early season variety developed in Queensland with a purple tinge

Southern Glen – also a Qld variety suitable for warmr climates

Creole – softneck more suited to hot dry climate

Printanor – mid season softneck of french origin – main variety grown in Australia & New Zealand

Mouliner – mid season with symmetrical bulbs

Simonetti – softneck originating from Republic of Georgia

Californian Early – mid season in temperate climates

Californian Late – small dark pin skinned cloves – late variety for cooler regions – excellent storage

Australian White – also a Californian type, selected in Sth Australia

Rojo del Pais Baza – Spanish heirloom with a small bulb that has big flavour

Rocambole – Rich flavoured. White bulb but red skinned cloves underneath

Italian White – stores well, grown in temperate climates

New Zealand Purple – small high quality bulbs with purple tips